Cheat Sheet for MAP-21, New Federal Transportation Bill

Cheat sheet for MAP-21, the new federal transportation funding and policy bill.

This is based on an initial skim of the bill (which was signed into law on July 6) and information gathered from others.  We’ll have more details on most of these aspects in the coming weeks.  Part Two coming later today now published. Also see our more recent MAP-21 coverage.

Name: MAP-21 (Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century)

Text:  Link to legislative text (1.4mb PDF, 599 pages) and a 91-page summary (pdf).

Expires: October 1, 2014

Total funding: There are different numbers being reported,  but it appears total funding is $118 billion over 27-months – roughly $105 billion per year (FY 2013 & ’14)  in addition to several months of FY 2012.  Update: The Congressional Budget Office predicts the HTF will be insolvent in both the Highway Account and the Mass Transit Account by FY 2015.

Effective date: The revenue provisions take effect immediately, but most of the policy provisions will not take effect until October 1, 2012.   The majority of new policy and regulatory provisions in the bill apply only to FY’13 and FY’14.

Annual Funding: Roughly $54.6 $52 billion (basically level with current funding with a slight bump for inflation) (SAFETEA-LU average annual funding:  $50.1b; TEA-21: $34.1b)

Highways/Transit funding split: current 80/20 (roughly) split maintained

Highway funding: about $40.4b in FY 2013, and about $41b in FY 2014 (contract authority)

Transit funding: about $10.5 billion for FY 2013, about $10.7b for FY 2014

Distribution of highway funding: formulas eliminated, state distribution based on a state’s 2012 share of funding

Non-transportation funding/offsets to fund bill: about $18 billion

Nat’l Highway Traffic Safety: $670 million in FY 2013 and $680 in FY 2014

Commercial Safety: $561m in FY 20113, $572m in FY 2014

Research: $400m annually, authorizes 35 competitive grants for University Transportation Centers

New Starts: $1.9b in each fiscal year. Enables more bus rapid transit projects to be funded. Also authorizes a new “core capacity” funding criteria that gives existing systems some additional spending flexibility

Mega-projects program: $500m FY 2013 competitive grant program (Projects of National and Regional Significance). Applicants restricted to States, tribal governments and transit agencies. Subject to being funded through Appropriations.

TIFIA: increased from current $122m/year to $750m in year one and $1b in year two

Enhancements program: merges with Safe Routes to School, Recreational Trails, Scenic Byways to become new program, “Transportation Alternatives”

Transportation Alternatives funding: Initial analysis indicates funding drops from $1m annually to $700m.  Adds eligible expenses such as truck stop electrification, HOV lanes, turning lanes, and diesel retrofits. 50% of funds are directed to MPOs; all funds to be distributed through competitive grants

Local funding: Increase allocation to MPOs to about 14% of highways funding from current approximate 12.5%

Tolling: expands tolling authority if road capacity is increased, though there must be more free lanes than tolled lanes.